California SB 172 - Suicide Prevention


LEAP Forward Position:  Support

LEAP Forward Position: Support

Bill Summary

Existing law, subject to exceptions, generally requires the loan of a firearm to be conducted by a firearms dealer.

This bill would authorize the temporary transfer of a firearm without a firearms dealer’s participation to a person who is 18 years of age or older for safekeeping to prevent it from being used to attempt suicide, as specified. The bill would also authorize the loan of a firearm without a firearms dealer’s participation under other specified circumstances and if certain conditions are met, as specified

(2) Under existing law a person commits the crime of criminal storage of a firearm if the person keeps a loaded firearm within a premises with knowledge that a child is likely to gain access to the firearm.This bill would make the crime of criminal storage applicable to the storage of an unloaded firearm. The bill would make it a crime for a person who has been convicted of this crime to own a firearm for a period of 10 years. By expanding the application of a crime and creating a new crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

(3) Existing law makes it a crime to keep a handgun within a premise premises with knowledge that a child or person prohibited from possessing a firearm is likely to gain access if the child or prohibited person obtains access to the handgun and carries it off premises.This bill would make this crime applicable to any firearm. The bill would make it a crime for a person who has been convicted of this crime to own a firearm for a period of 10 years. By expanding the application of a crime and creating a new crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

(4) Existing law makes it a crime for an owner or legal occupant of a residence to store a firearm in that residence if the person knows another person residing in that residence is prohibited from possessing a firearm unless the firearm is secured, as specified.The bill would make it a crime for a person who has been convicted of this crime to own a firearm for a period of 10 years. By creating a new crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

(5) The California Residential Care Facilities for the Elderly Act provides for the licensure and regulation of residential care facilities for the elderly by the State Department of Social Services. A person who violates the act, or who willfully or repeatedly violates any rule or regulation adopted under the act, is guilty of a misdemeanor.This bill would enact, within the act, the Keep Our Seniors Safe Act and would require the department to promulgate regulations prescribing the procedures for a firearm and ammunition to be centrally stored in a locked gun safe within a facility. The bill would require a facility to prepare and maintain an individual weapons inventory for each firearm and type of ammunition stored within the facility and submit the inventories to the Department of Justice.The bill would require a facility to prepare a Keep Our Seniors Safe Annual Certification that reports the number of firearms and ammunition stored within the facility and would further require the administrator of the facility to sign the certification under penalty of perjury. The bill would make falsely certifying the certification a misdemeanor. The bill would also require a facility to post the most current annual certification in a prominent location within the facility. By expanding the crime of perjury and expanding the duties of these facilities, the bill would expand the scope of existing crimes, thereby imposing state-mandated local programs.The bill would require the department to annually verify and disclose a facility’s compliance with these provisions..